Status: 05/19/2022 5:11 p.m.
Ukraine is a major grain exporter. The war is fueling fears of famine. The G7 countries want to counter this – with an alliance for global food security.
The G7 countries have decided to form an alliance for global food security to arm the world against the impending hunger crisis following the war in Ukraine. As German Development Minister Svenja Schulze (SPD) announced following the G7 decision, new partners are now up for grabs for the alliance she is proposing to “give a rapid, effective and lasting response to the food crisis caused by the war of aggression”.
Fear of the “worst famine since the Second World War”
Schulze explained at the end of the meeting of G7 development ministers in Berlin that the world food situation had deteriorated dramatically following the war in Ukraine. The worst famine since World War II is looming. “That’s why we need to act decisively and together and ensure that the grain gets to the hungry quickly.”
The head of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Achim Steiner, who attended the meeting as a guest, also sounded the alarm: if the rise in prices on agricultural markets is confirmed, ” hundreds of millions of people will no longer be able to buy their staple foods”.
Quick help and structural changes
The new alliance aims to better coordinate the food security efforts of the international community to help those who suffer from hunger. In addition to short-term emergency aid, he primarily wants to provide long-term aid and create sustainable structures that “make countries more resilient to price shocks in global markets in the long term,” Schulze said. .
It could always happen that someone like Russian President Vladimir Putin “uses hunger as leverage,” Schulze said. The antidote are “crisis-proof food systems”. In order for developing countries to no longer be “blackmailed”, they must be able to produce more food themselves. However, nature and the environment must not suffer and culture must also be adapted to climate change.
In addition to the G7 countries, the European Commission and the World Bank, the United Nations Global Crisis Response Group, Norway, Denmark, the African Union (AU), the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) to supporters of the alliance. However, it is also open to other countries and organizations, including emerging countries that have food stocks.
Less grain due to war in Ukraine
One of the main causes of the current food crisis is Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine: Ukraine is generally one of the largest grain exporters in the world. However, because of the war, the fields are now fallow, the granaries are destroyed and the ports are blocked, which has led to a shortage on the world market and therefore a sharp rise in prices.
The Kremlin, meanwhile, blamed the crisis on EU and US economic decisions. Kremlin adviser Maxim Oreshkin spoke about the sanctions imposed on Russia, which also make wheat exports more difficult.
G7: Launch of the Alliance for Food Security
Nina Amin, ARD Berlin, May 19, 2022, 5:32 p.m.