Gas: War-related shutdown – Ukraine partially interrupts gas transit to Europe

Kdue to the war, Ukraine will provide Russian gas transit partially one. With the stopover in transit in the disputed region of Luhansk in eastern Ukraine, up to 32.6 million cubic meters of gas per day were lost – almost a third of the maximum amount that could be transported daily via Ukraine to Europe, according to the Ukrainian gas network operator mentioned. Due to the Russian occupation, it had become impossible to control the Sochranivka point and the Novopskov compressor station, he added.

The operator evokes a case of “force majeure”. Sokhranivka is part of the Soyuz pipeline, which connects Russia’s Orenburg region with Uzhhorod in Ukraine. The partial shutdown of public transport should apply from 7:00 a.m. local time (06:00 a.m. CEST).

The Ukrainians indicated that the Russians have recently disrupted the operation of the factories. Russian energy giant Gazprom said it had received “no confirmation of force majeure”. Ukraine has been working in Sochranivka completely “quietly” over the past few weeks. It is technically not possible to divert deliveries that are no longer available via other routes, spokesman Sergei Kupriyanov said, according to the Interfax agency. Gazprom has once again stressed that it will fulfill all its obligations to European customers.

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The maximum contractual transit capacity of Ukrainian gas to Europe is 109 million cubic meters per day. However, the main route for transporting Russian gas to Europe is the Baltic Sea gas pipeline Nord Stream 1. According to Russian information, 60 billion cubic meters of gas per year passed through Nord Stream 1 to Europe. Two and a half months after the start of the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine, Moscow announced Tuesday morning that it had advanced to the administrative borders of Lugansk in the company of pro-Russian separatists.

The head of Ukrainian energy supplier Naftogaz, Yuriy Vitrenko, recently warned that the transit of Russian gas through Ukraine to Western Europe could be compromised if Russia were to continue its attacks on Ukrainian infrastructure.

According to the Federal Ministry of Economics, Germany is currently not threatened by bottlenecks, although the transit of Russian gas through Ukraine is restricted. “The security of supply in Germany is currently still guaranteed,” said a spokeswoman for the German press agency in Berlin on Wednesday.

Land gains around the city of Kharkiv in the northeast

Meanwhile, Ukraine’s armed forces reported gaining ground around the second-largest city Charkiw in the east of the country. “The occupiers are gradually being pushed out of Kharkiv,” President Volodymyr Zelenskyj said in a video message late Wednesday. “The villages of Cherkasy Tyshky, Rusky Tyshky, Rubishne and Bayrak have been liberated,” the Ukrainian General Staff posted on Facebook.

Current situation in Ukraine

Source: WORLD infographic

While the Russian armed forces could hit the city of Kharkiv “even less” with artillery attacks, “the intensity of shelling in the Kharkiv district has increased”. According to the Ukrainian regional administration, Russian troops also leave “death traps” – mines.

The northern and northeastern parts of Kharkiv have been frequent targets of Russian rocket attacks in recent weeks. Russian troops also advanced a few kilometers from the town. However, the US Institute for War Research (ISW) said over the weekend that the Ukrainian military “is making significant progress in this part of the country and is likely to advance to the Russian border in the coming days or weeks”.

As the Ukrainians regain control of the territories lost in the northeast of the country, the Russians advance about 150 kilometers to the southeast Donbass room by room. Ukraine’s Southern Command reported “ruthless” attacks by Russian forces on homes, farms and electricity sources. Meanwhile, the deputy mayor of the now almost completely destroyed port city of Mariupol, Petro Andryushchenko, reported that the last Ukrainian forces at the Azov steel plant continued to face “dozens” of attacks.

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Federal Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock at Irpin

In the south of the country, the “psychological pressure on the neighboring population Transnistrian‘ according to the Ukrainian army. As a result, there is a threat of a “blockade of the region due to the dismantling of the Dniester bridge, which again came under rocket attack.”

US intelligence services believe Russia wants to establish a land connection between occupied territories in Donbass and near the Crimean Peninsula and the pro-Russian breakaway region of Transnistria in eastern Moldova.

Defenders of Mariupol entrenched in Azovstal

Fighting in Eastern Ukraine Mariupol meanwhile continued. According to Ukrainian sources, the last defenders of the city, entrenched in the steelworks, must remain in place until their surrender. The Russian military has rejected any proposal for the unhindered withdrawal of fighters from the Azovstal plant, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said, according to Ukrajinska Pravda.

“The defenders of Mariupol stay there, they continue the resistance in the Azovstal region.” kyiv continues to use all available diplomatic options to enable the rescue of soldiers. Russia insists on the surrender of the defenders of Azovstal.

Zelenskyi has previously said that Ukraine currently lacks the heavy weapons needed to successfully liberate Mariupol. More than two months into the war and after heavy fighting for the port city of Mariupol, the last Ukrainian soldiers have entrenched themselves in the Azovstal factory and are offering fierce resistance to Russian soldiers and pro-Russian separatists .

Wounded soldiers of the Azov regiment entrenched in Azovstal

Wounded soldiers of the Azov regiment entrenched in Azovstal

Which: AP/Dmytro ‘Orest’ Kozatskyi

On Tuesday, defenders of the steelworks reported heavy shelling by Russian troops. The area had been under attack from the air all night, deputy commander of the Azov regiment Svyatoslav Palamar told Ukrayinska Pravda. There are many serious injuries. It is urgent to bring them to safety.

More recently, several hundred civilians were evacuated from the site with UN and Red Cross mediation. Contrary to recent reports about the complete evacuation of all civilians from the Mariupol factory, regional administration chief Pavlo Kyrylenko said on Monday evening that there were still 100 people who were not fighters.

Near Mariupol in the outskirts of the southeastern Ukrainian city Saporischschja At least one person was killed and eight others injured in further Russian attacks on Tuesday evening. According to the regional administration, mainly residential buildings in Orekhovo were affected, Ukrajinska Pravda reported. Due to the intensity of the shelling, the delivery of humanitarian aid to the city has been temporarily interrupted. The information could not be independently verified.

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Zelenskyy praises the “superhuman strength” of Ukrainian troops

Ukrainian President Zelenskyj praised in his daily video address courage and sacrifice of the troops his country. “I am grateful to all our protectors who defend themselves and show truly superhuman strength to repel the invading army,” he said on Tuesday evening. And this in the fight against “the second most powerful army in the world”.

Despite new successes on various fronts, Zelenskyy did not want to allow euphoria and “excessive emotions” to come out. “There is no need to create an atmosphere of specific moral suasion when certain victories are expected on a weekly and even daily basis,” he warned.

Escape from Ukraine

Source: WELT infographic/Isabell Bischoff

Ukraine’s president referred to reports of success from his general staff, which on Tuesday reported territory gains in the vicinity of the eastern Ukrainian city of Kharkiv. The occupants would be “gradually” expelled from the area. According to the Ukrainian army, several towns have been taken over. The information could not initially be independently verified. “The Armed Forces of Ukraine are doing everything to liberate our country and our people,” Zelenskyy said. “All our cities will be liberated – Kherson, Melitopol, Berdyansk, Mariupol and all the others.”

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